After a brief period of glory in Egypt, have gone into disuse after World War II, the birth of the handmade carpet industry in modern Egypt dates to the Egyptian Revolution in 1952, when the importation of carpets from Iran ceased.
Carpets from the Islamic world, like Egypt, are fabricated with greater quantity as well as quality. With unique elegance, they were traded off to distant places far east. The earliest forms of carpets displayed geometric designs. The carpet cradles, Persian and Anatolian designs spread their wings to Istanbul, and then to weaving places in Cairo. The weavings derived from Cairo greatly look like the ones in Eastern Turkistan. Usually woven with wool, Egyptian carpets and rugs are tied with asymmetrical or Ghiordes knots. Motifs like a palmette on the red background of a carpet, etc. The Egyptian awe-inspiring hand-woven carpets and rugs are famous all over the world.
Among the lesser known antique rug centers of the world is Egypt, but lesser known does not equate to lesser in terms of quality, color, design, and historical robustness. Perhaps Egyptian rugs remain inconspicuous in the world of antique rugs because Egypt lies in the shadow of some of the world's rug producing giants of yesterday and today (Persia and Turkey for two). Regardless, Egyptian rugs, particularly those woven in Cairo during the 16th and 17th centuries, are some of the most beautiful rugs ever woven given their unique and lively color palette and ancient design motifs.Rugs with all-wool construction came from Cairo. Mamluks rugs have a limited palette of colors, geometric patterned design and used the Senneh or Persian knot. The Ottoman workshops produced a great variety of carpet designs that usually employed a group of familiar elements consisting of naturalistic flowers, lotuses, and palmettes, often combined with feathery lance late leaves, medallions, arabesques, and cloud bands.
Monuments of ancient Egypt clearly display that the products of the hand loom prior to 2400 B.C. and also depicted women weaving rugs on looms very much like those of the Orient at the present time. From history we can see that the palaces of the Pharaohs were decorated with rugs; that the tomb of Cyrus, founder of the ancient Persian monarchy, was covered with a Babylonian carpet and that Cleopatra was carried into the presence of Caesar wrapped in a rug of the finest weave. Ovid vividly described the weaver's loom.
The Egyptian rugs were not made of the same material and weave as are the Oriental rugs of today. The pile surface was not made by tying wool yarn on to the warp threads. Iran has held a prominent place as a rug weaving nation.
Most people don’t think of Egypt as a source of Oriental rugs. New Egyptian rugs are almost never included in books on the subject. Egyptian rugs today do not possess recognizable Egyptian ‘look’ as they used to. Nearly all are based on Persian designs. Egypt has a rug-weaving tradition that dates back to at least the sixteenth century.
ilk fabrics and fabrics with gold and silver weave and fine rugs.
Despite the political and economic problems in recent years, Egypt hand knotted rugs are still able to maintain its beauty and popularity.
Weaving centers in Egypt
Sporadically rug weaving is done in many areas in Egypt, but the major centers of weaving Egypt hand knotted rugs are Cairo, Alexandria, Ismailia and Port Said. Among these centers, Cairo is the most important one because of its antique and semi antique rugs.
Rug weaving in Egypt is based on household units. Some units also co-operated with the help of the government that mainly are in Cairo, Alexandria, Ismailia and Port Said. Most of the weavers are young boys who work in household units or trade schools and in groups of three.
Most designs of the Egypt hand knotted rugs are Kerman, Tabriz, Isfahan, Kashan, Qom and Nain. Some of the silk rugs are inspired of Turkish hand knotted rugs. In recent years regard to popularity of Egypt hand knotted rugs, variety of rug designs with familiar elements of flowers, lotuses, medallions, and arabesques are woven.
In designs of Egypt rugs, some special features like use of octagonal medallion as central motif are seen. Geometric designs are widely used in designs of Egypt rugs. Using of fragments of the polygon as major motifs of rugs is the unique feature of Egypt hand knotted rugs. The designs of borders mainly are affected by patterns and designs in the background of the rug.
It should be noted that the use of old Egyptian hieroglyphs and primitive motifs in the designs of Egypt hand knotted rugs has been common in recent years.
Despite being rich in wool production, Egyptians use imported wool from Iraq, New Zealand and Australia because of higher quality of this imported wool. The using materials in Egypt rugs are wool, cotton and silk. Some of the Egypt hand knotted rugs are woven completely in silk; these rugs are colorful and delicate.
In Egypt hand knotted rugs, both Turkish and Persian knots are used. The KPSI (knot) is 100 to 200 in most of the hand knotted rugs of Egypt. Silk rugs are woven in more knots in centimeter. Generally, Egypt rugs are woven in small with high density and large sizes with low density.
Sizes and colors
In the past Egypt hand knotted rugs were mainly woven in 2 × 2 mm but now these rugs come in various sizes and are produced in1 *50/1 × 00/2 × 40/1, 00/2 × 00/2, 00/3 × 00/2, 50/2 × 50/2, 50/3 × 50/2 sizes.
The common shapes in Egypt hand knotted rugs are rectangle and square, but other shapes like runner are produced by order.
The yellow is the dominant color in different shades in Egypt hand knotted rugs. Other colors, which used in Egypt rugs are cream, dark blue, red, brown and green.