Enjilas (Ingeles, Endjilas, Injilas, Indjelas) rugs are a type of Persian rug that woven in the southern region of Hamedan province. Hamedan is a city situated in the western part of Iran, one of the worlds oldest cities and is mentioned under the name of Ekbatana in the Bible.
In general Hamedan can be said to be good utility rugs. Examples of Hamedan rugs are Borchelu, Enjilas, Hossein Abad, Nahavand, Touserkan and Malayer rugs. The rugs are also sold under the name of Hamedan. The rugs are manufactured with a roppy, shiny and often natural dyed handspun yarn, that provides a very durable surface and beautiful colour scale. Common for all these rugs is that they are nowadays made on a cotton warp with one weft. The patterns are mostly geometrical, but floral motifs also occur. Materials and design can be of very varying quality.
The central piece in Enjilas rugs always consists of a floral motif, Herati pattern, sometimes with a medallion and are dominated by red and blue colours. Herati is the most common pattern found in Enjilas rugs. Red, Ivory and Blue are the major colors. These rugs are very similar to Hussainabad rugs.
Enjilas rugs follow the single-wefted Hamedan weave with Turkish knots by wool. Older rugs are often tied on wool warp. The younger Enjilas rugs often have synthetic colorus and less fine wool than older rugs. The most common sizes are approximately 200x120 cm and 150x100 cm.
They are easily recognized with their typical patterns and sizes. The patterns are very varying and the medallion as well as carpets with repeated patterns occur.